4T Design and Design
Biannual Symposium, 2019
May 2-4 2019,
The coupling of design and authority in a Google search, the “internet search authority,” surprisingly results in entries which have more to do with the procedural and legislative aspects related to design: The “authority” issues rules for which the product of design or the designer has to comply with, or claims privilege in shaping the design product. Authority is usually attributed to an agent of enforcement regulating products and to an extent, that those produce design. Understood as a form of legitimized power, authority is realized only by the mutual recognition of those who hold power and those who do not.
A cliché argues that Italians cannot leave their Moka pots behind when they go on a holiday, or the Turkish obsessively want their tea served in a specific type of glass, Japanese cars will never reach the quality level of the Germans, the Chinese are the new rulers of the world of electronic gadgets and so on. Another recounts the obsession of those who hold possession of a unique or rare object carrying the signature of a famous designer and how it’s valued. How do we account for the authority of designed objects in our daily lives, or in the way we value other cultures?
Digital culture, on the other hand, independent of any geographical, national boundaries, has been enthusiastically embracing all kinds of sharing platforms and collaborative tools. Digital design culture seems to have built its own peculiar collaborative environment. This collaboration does away with authorship by way of open-source software (which are generally not devised by designers), or by acts like taking and modifying scripts, utilizing algorithms shared online by various designers. Our way of teaching is, therefore, heavily influenced by the way we learn, question, think about and produce design. Call it the “digital elimination of authorship” or the “digital design knowledge of many hands,” old authorial notions of intellectual property and copyright often remain meaningless in such a collaborative environment.
Taking these subject headings as possible strands we welcome contributions from all design-related disciplines and fields that address questions such as, but not limited to:
In what ways do design and authority come together?
How does design exert authority?
How can design resist authority?
How does authority shape design in shaping itself, its powers?
How do products of design have authority over lives, cultures, countries, histories or how do they lose the authority they once had?
When does design become complicit with authority in creating authoritarian structures?
How does authoritarianism enforce design regimes that hold sway over the field of cultural production?
In what ways can one explain the relationship of authorship, design and authority?
Is it possible to talk about the authority of collective authorship in design?
Derya Irkdaş Doğu
Alison J. Clarke
The Politics of Design: Manufacturing “Undeveloped Peoples”
Frederic J. Schwartz
Bauhaus and Critical Theory
|May 2, 2019 Thursday|
Frederic J. Schwartz
Bauhaus and Critical Theory: An Uneasy Relationship
|May 3, 2019 Friday|
|09:30-11:00||Public Space, Art and Authority
Chair: Erdem Erten
Learning For/From Darağaç: Art, Design, and Space-Making as a Subversive Practice
Kıvanç Kılınç, Burkay Pasin and Güzden Varinlioğlu
Enhancing The Engagement Of The Community In Contemporary Art Through The Development Of Public Art Spaces
Spatial Experience Phenomenon Against Authority
Bahar Gökçen Kumsar
|11:30-13:00||Authority, Culture and Product Design
Chair: Aren Emre Kurtgözü
Resisting the social authority: Taboo-breaking design approaches on menstrual products
Pelin Efilti and Şebnem Timur Öğüt
A Study on the Notion of Authority within the Design History of Turkish Tobacco and Cigarettes
Elif Kocabiyik Savasta
Effects of Authority in the Case of Tea and Tea Glass
Ilknur Küçükoğlu, Emre Tüfekçioğlu, Gülbin Özdamar Akarçay and Deniz Kılıç
|14:30-16:30||Design vs Authoritarianism
Chair: Tuğcan Güler
Decoding Type: To what extent has the invention of Unicode in 1990 contributed to multiculturalism in international type design?
Clandestine presses during the Italian Resistance
Authority and Austerity: Influence Flows Between EstadoNovo and Port Wine in Posters From The 1930 and 1940
Mariana Almeida and Helena Barbosa
Design against authoritarianism in Portugal and the constitution of other parties: a vision through the design of posters
Alison J. Clarke
The Politics of Design: Manufacturing the “Undeveloped Peoples”
|May 4, 2019 Saturday|
|09:30-11:00||Authority, Authoritarianism, Design
Chair: Kıvanç Kılınç
The Portuguese World Exhibition (1940): the propaganda event from an authoritarian regime
Ana Filomena Curralo and Helena Barbosa
The Re-Making of the Taksim Square: Design Process Revisited
Ipek Akpinar and Kerem Ganic
Design between Dignity and Identity: Burning Borders for New Routes of Migration
|11:30-13:00||Safeguarding Authority, Reclaiming Authorship
Chair: Fehmi Doğan
Authority over One’s Work: Perspectives of Industrial Designers in Entrepreneurial Careers
İrem Dilek, Zeliha Didem Yanpar, Kardelen Aysel, Pınar Kaygan and Utku Ay
Doğru mu hocam? (‘Am I right, my teacher?’): User-centred design challenging authority-laden education practices in Turkey
Personalization of Space & Sense of Belonging among International Students
|14:30-16:00||Authority, Authorship, Author
Chair: Berna Yaylalı Yıldız
Delegation of authority between the government and an architects and its impact on architectural design: Serbian architecture after the WWII (1945-1980)
Towards Posthuman(ist) Authorship in the Field of 4.0 Fashion Design
The authority of those who play: understanding architecture through ontological drawings
|16:30-18:00||Challenging or Reinforcing? Limits of Authority
Chair: İpek Ek
Handing over the authority: The effects of social media on domestic making and production practices
Gizem Çelebi and Pelin Efilti
IKEA hack: Who is challenging whose authority?
Renk Dimli Oraklıbel
Power, counter-power: Adobe and Libre Graphics